Hi folks I am back ones again to share with you my simple but useful project and step by step descriptive video to show you, how you can auto turn on the room Light when some come inside the room. It’s only work when someone moving in the room and after few second light will turn off automatically. To detect the motion I have used PIR Motion Sensor and program the arduino board to read the sensor signal and turn on the light for few second.


List of components to make this prototype.

  1. Arduino UNO
  2. PIR Motion Sensor
  3. LED
  4. Jumper Wire



PIR Motion Sensor with Arduino Video tutorial.

Arduino code for PIR Motion Sensor prototype

//the time we give the sensor to calibrate (10-60 secs according to the datasheet) 
int calibrationTime = 30; //the time when the sensor outputs a low impulse long unsigned int lowIn; //the amount of milliseconds the sensor has to be low //before we assume all motion has stopped long unsigned int pause = 5000; 
boolean lockLow = true; 
boolean takeLowTime; 
int pirPin = 3; //the digital pin connected to the PIR sensor's output 
int ledPin = 13; ///////////////////////////// //SETUP void setup(){ 
Serial.begin(9600); pinMode(pirPin, INPUT); pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT); digitalWrite(pirPin, LOW); //give the sensor some time to calibrate Serial.print("calibrating sensor "); for(int i = 0; i < calibrationTime; i++){ Serial.print("."); delay(1000); } Serial.println(" done"); Serial.println("SENSOR ACTIVE"); delay(50); } //////////////////////////// //LOOP void loop(){ if(digitalRead(pirPin) == HIGH){ digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH); //the led visualizes the sensors output pin state if(lockLow){ //makes sure we wait for a transition to LOW before any further output is made: lockLow = false; Serial.println("---"); Serial.print("motion detected at "); Serial.print(millis()/1000); Serial.println(" sec"); delay(50); } takeLowTime = true; } if(digitalRead(pirPin) == LOW){ digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW); //the led visualizes the sensors output pin state if(takeLowTime){ lowIn = millis(); //save the time of the transition from high to LOW takeLowTime = false; //make sure this is only done at the start of a LOW phase } //if the sensor is low for more than the given pause, //we assume that no more motion is going to happen if(!lockLow && millis() - lowIn > pause){ //makes sure this block of code is only executed again after //a new motion sequence has been detected lockLow = true; Serial.print("motion ended at "); //output Serial.print((millis() - pause)/1000); Serial.println(" sec"); delay(50); } } }
  1. Hazwan fikri 6 years ago

    Hello. Im student whose study in mechanical enginnering that need to make a mini project abt arduino. And im zero knowledge abt arduino. So right now I have ir line sensor. I watched ur video abt pir sensor motion that detect motion and the led light up. Can the pir sensor change to the ir line sensor? Because i heard that ir line sensor us more effective. Do you mind do me a favor help me with the code? Im very desperately need ur help sir.

  2. abid 6 years ago

    good work

  3. aravind 5 years ago

    sir its very urgent i made this project but the led is always on it is not turning off it shows motion detected at 30s but the motion never ends

    • Ben 4 years ago

      hi aravind I think the pir sensor is spoilt. I had the same issue, bought a new pir sensor, plugged it in and now it works!

  4. amirul nizam 5 years ago

    Hello, i would like to ask. after constructing all the component and upload the code into board.

    there are no changes on led after calibrating, motion detected all the time.

    covering the pir motion using cardboard, also did not response well.

    the led doesnt blink just like demonstration video.

    thank you.

  5. nabihah mardhiah 5 years ago

    hye, if i’m not using LED, how can i know the sensor detect motion or not?

    • Chantuen 5 years ago

      you can see the light on the Arduino Uno board it have a light on it

  6. sherk 5 years ago

    hi sir
    program error
    56 digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW);
    “LedPin was not declared in this scope”
    you can guide me how to fix it?

    • Rishi 2 years ago

      you had to make the pins 3 and 13 integers

      int pirPin = 3;
      int ledPin = 13;

  7. Jaytee 5 years ago

    great tut. I want more

  8. Afiq 5 years ago

    Cannot verify this program because Serial.printIn(“sec”); was error. So how?

    • Rishi 2 years ago

      if the led turns on then the PIR sensor senses motion and if it turns off then the PIR sensor doesn’t sense motion

  9. HGYGT 5 years ago

    mine will not program
    it just says it is not allowed here

  10. cha cha 4 years ago

    i need someone that is good at sensors in arduino helping me in my final project
    bonus is offer!

  11. Syamil 4 years ago

    Hi there, I’ve follow your step and use your code. But, the project doesn’t work as well, the PIR Motion Sensor doesn’t effect the LED even I’ve shake my hand to the sensor. Can you help me to solve this problem?

  12. Bhat 4 years ago

    Can any one give code explanation for documentation

  13. Jewin 3 years ago

    How to change the duration of light?

  14. Ashish Sudhir Kakne 3 years ago

    Hello sir, can u please suggest code for Send IR sensor data to live server(database)?

  15. Karthikeyan 3 years ago

    Which language is the code written in?

  16. Gültekin 3 years ago

    Thank you so much dude ı looked to much videos but its didnt work
    But ı watched your video and its worked and you told very simple way

  17. Francis 2 years ago

    Why if i’m going to run this mesge appear “LockLow was not declared in this scope “

  18. Gwyneth 2 years ago

    I am really struggling with my PIR Motion sensor! Using this code and set up my sensor correctly detected the motion of my hand 3 times, but after that, it seems to have stopped and no longer was detecting motion. Thoughts?

  19. Jaap 2 years ago

    Sir i am running into an issue.

    A pir sensor should go on when it detects an heat source.

    The problem is when i throw a large karton box in front of it then it goes off.

    How do i adjust it from motion sensor to Pir function.
    I want it only when a human or a large dog goes off.
    Not when my curtains are moving in the wind.

  20. Raghav 2 years ago

    HI sir this is very urgent, i had copied the code and pasted but it shows error.

    exit status 1
    ‘Serial’ does not name a type

    pls reply me. it is for my project.

    • pitt 12 months ago

      yes me too.

  21. Abdou 1 year ago

    Please i don’t now how too uployd this code

  22. Yeet 1 year ago

    Hey sir it is so hard!
    the code is so long!

  23. AHMAD AMINU 1 year ago

    hello sir, i have 2 sensors pir and ldr how am i going to go about it. thanks

  24. Martin 8 months ago

    The code isn’t formatted correctly, everything after Serial.begin(9600) is one long line, it doesn’t work when uploaded

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